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Introduction to toxicology and dose-response

This module presents an introduction to basic toxicological principles. It is explained what is meant by toxicology, some history is depicted, and basic terms as dose, dose-response and dose-effect are illustrated. In addition, various examples of toxic agents in daily life and occupation are given.

A basic understanding of biology and chemistry is helpful for understanding the text.

The 47 pages can be followed online, but can also be downloaded and printed.



Original Authors:

Michael Kamrin

Original affiliation, ownership:

The module is part of ToxLearn (for a link: see the Comments block), which is a joint project of U.S. National Library of Medicine and the U.S. Society of Toxicology.

Year of publication:


Charge for use or free:

Free of charge


Target group(s):

graduate students, non-OSH-expert professionals, OSH experts; or in training

Usefulness for non-OSH-expert professionals:

More or less useful for non-OSH-expert professionals in health care or other sectors; or in training

Time demand to complete the lesson or course:

1 hour


To the module the NLM copyright information applies. This means that the module belongs to public domain information and may be freely distributed and copied. It is requested that in any subsequent use the National Library of Medicine (NLM) be given appropriate acknowledgement. The full text of the copyright information can be approached by clicking the link.

Intellectual property and copyright:

Before downloading, changing, disseminating and/or using the lessons and courses, please look carefully at the conditions given by the authors or owners of the materials related to copyright or creative common conditions or other conditions for the downloading, changing, further dissemination and kind of use of the materials (non-commercial vs. commercial).

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