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EMUTOM Pre-employment and periodical medical examinations

EMUTOM (European Module for Undergraduate Teaching of Occupational Medicine)

Medical examinations for fitness for a job:

  • pre-employment and
  • periodical medical examinations


Concise description

This EMUTOM lesson (which is part of the chapter about Fitness for work) gives a brief overview of pre-employment medical examinations and preventive periodical medical examinations for workers.

A pre-employment examination aims at protecting the health and safety of the examined person and of third parties by assessing medical fitness for a specific job. A pre-employment examination can be regarded as a kind of screening test and should comply with matching validity criteria. Therefore it is important to know the specific medical requirements for the job. A major question is whether a medical examination can predict health risks and healthy functioning in the future. And of course a pre- employment medical examination method should be acceptable and ethical.

In preventive periodical medical examination the aim is to periodically assess medical fitness for the job. It can be compared with a pre-employment examination.

After this lesson the student can explain when a pre-employment examination is applicable and useful. Furthermore, the student can explain when a preventive medical examination, aimed at fitness for work, is applicable and useful.

If you want to take a look at the self-assessment exercises and the power-point presentation of this lesson, click


English, Spanish

Original Authors:

Dr PBA Smits and Dr F.van Dijk

Original affiliation, ownership:

Public and Occupational Health, University Medical Center Amsterdam

Year of publication:


Charge for use or free:

Free of charge


Target group(s):

graduate students, non-OSH-expert professionals, OSH experts; or in training

Usefulness for non-OSH-expert professionals:

Fully useful for non-OSH-expert professionals in health care or other sectors; or in training

Time demand to complete the lesson or course:

4 hours


This lesson is part of the EMUTOM module. In total the EMUTOM module contains 9 lessons.

Intellectual property and copyright:

Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International
This license allows reusers to copy and redistribute the material in any medium or format, and to remix, transform, and build upon the material. You must give appropriate credit to EMUTOM, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. You may not use the material for commercial purposes. For details about this license: .

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